Date / relevance
November 2010: Article
The total fertility rate in Albania is now at 1.6 lifetime births per woman. Remarkably, this fertility decline was achieved by relying on withdrawal and other less effective, traditional family planning methods.
October 2007: Article
Low fertility rates concern policymakers within Europe because they mean an older age structure and population decline over the long term, even with immigration.
September 2004: Report
This policy brief gives an overview of Muslim countries' policies on and support for family planning and modern contraception. It reviews Islamic jurisprudence and justifications for sanctioning family planning.