(January 2010) According to Davidson Gwatkin, most global health inequalities are attributable to differences among groups within developing countries. Disparities in access to health services, while not necessarily the leading cause of these inequalities, are contributing significantly to them. How can such disparities be overcome? In his presentation as part of PRB's Policy Seminar series, Gwatkin provided evidence to support his claims about inequalities in health status and service availability, and suggested some strategic options for overcoming them. The options identify priorities both for research and for policy and program design and implementation.

Davidson Gwatkin is a Senior Fellow at the Results for Development Institute in Washington, D.C. He also serves as an adviser on health and poverty to the World Bank, UNICEF, and other agencies. From 2000 to 2003, he was the World Bank's Principal Health and Poverty Specialist. Before joining the Bank, he had directed the International Health Policy Program, a cooperative effort between two American foundations, the World Bank, and the World Health Organization to strengthen health policy research capacity in Africa and Asia.