Population Reference Bureau

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Studies Document Mass Incarceration’s Toll on Families

March 2017: Article New studies add to the growing body of research on the toll U.S. mass incarceration is taking on prisoner’s children and families. Three recent articles in the journal Demography document the spillover effects of the prison boom on family poverty, couples’ relationship stability, and child well-being.

Youth Contraceptive Use: A Reference Guide of Effective Interventions

March 2017: Report Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming for married and unmarried youth ages 15 to 24 is critical to improve the health, social, and economic outcomes of future generations. However, youth face many more barriers to accessing and using contraception than older people, including provider refusal, restrictive laws or policies, limited contraceptive options, stigma, and sociocultural pressures to have children early. Despite growing commitment to the rights of youth to access contraceptive services, governments and their partners lack clear guidance on supporting interventions that ensure their commitments are realized.

Zika Crisis Highlights Importance of Family Planning

February 2017: Article (February 2017) One year after the Zika global health emergency, World Health Organization (WHO) director-general, Margaret Chan, urged sustained attention to two important weaknesses in global health preparedness revealed by the Zika crisis—insufficient national mosquito control programs and poor access to family planning services.

An African Demographic Dividend Relies on Investments in the Reproductive Health and Rights of Adolescents and Youth

February 2017: Report An African Union (AU) Assembly decision in January 2016 established the theme for 2017 as “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend Through Investments in Youth.” AU heads of state and government recognize a country-level demographic dividend as central to the continent’s economic transformation in the context of AU Agenda 2063—the AU’s global strategy for socioeconomic transformation within the next 50 years.

How Neighborhoods Affect the Health and Well-Being of Older Americans

February 2017: Report Most Americans say they want to age in place in their own communities, but their health and ability to remain independent is shaped in part by their neighborhoods. Research finds that the social, economic, demographic, and physical characteristics of communities may influence older residents’ health and well-being.

In Memoriam: Hans Rosling

February 2017: Article We at Population Reference Bureau were extremely saddened to hear of the passing of Hans Rosling, an eminent visual communicator of data with whom we had the great fortune to collaborate.

Data in New Wallchart Show Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Declining in Many Countries

February 2017: Article New evidence suggests that the share of women and girls who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is declining in many countries, with girls less likely to be cut than previous generations of women.

Baby Boomers and Millennials Boost Population in Parts of Rural America

January 2017: Article Two demographic groups—young adults ages 20 to 34 and older adults ages 65 and older—are reshaping the population in rural America. Changes in the U.S. economy have attracted young adults to rural areas rich in natural resources away from smaller metropolitan and nearby nonmetropolitan areas. The older adult population, on the other hand, has grown rapidly in areas with strong ties to recreation—areas with robust entertainment industries or natural amenities such as mountains, lakes, and forests—many of which are in less-populated areas.

Existing Data Show Increase in Married Same-Sex U.S. Couples

December 2016: Article The number of married same-sex couples in the United States has increased dramatically in recent years. In June 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage in every U.S. state. Married same-sex couples totaled an estimated 486,000 by October 2015, representing 45 percent of all same-sex couples, up from the 2013 level of 230,000 married same-sex couples, 21 percent of the total.

Poverty and Inequality Pervasive in Two-Fifths of U.S. Counties

November 2016: Article Over the past two decades, inequality and poverty have both become more pervasive in U.S. counties. PRB’s analysis shows that counties are often doubly disadvantaged—experiencing high levels of inequality in combination with high poverty rates. Orleans Parish, Louisiana, home to the Port of New Orleans (pictured above), is an example of a high-inequality, high-poverty county.

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