Summary
  • This data sheet also in Spanish.

(January 2004) This data sheet profiles gender differences in health and development in 48 countries in the Americas, focusing on women's reproductive health, access to key health services, and major causes of death. Its objective is to raise awareness of gender inequities in the region and to promote the use of sex-disaggregated health statistics for policies and programs. The data sheet also provides basic population and development indicators and information on other factors that influence health, including education, employment, political participation, and risk factors.

Staff of the Pan American Health Organization and the Population Reference Bureau compiled this information using data from official national sources as well as data collected by specialized international agencies (see below).

Information on Indicators with Multiple Sources

Wealth and Income Inequalities

National Poverty Line 1997/2000:
All country data, except for the United States, are from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Social Panorama of Latin America, 2001-2002. US data are from Bernadette Proctor and Joseph Dalaker, “Poverty in the United States, 2001,” Current Population Reports P60-219.

Reproductive Health

Percent of Women Giving Birth by Age 20 2000/01:
Data for Colombia, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Peru are from ORC Macro, Demographic and Health Surveys (various years). All other data are from Population Reference Bureau (PRB), The World's Youth 2000.

Number of newly registered AIDS cases 1997/2001, Female and Male:
Data for Antigua and Barbuda, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Montserrat, St Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, and the British Virgin Islands are from Pan American Health Organization/Special Health Analysis Unit, Health Situation in the Americas: Basic Indicators, 2002. All other data are from Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Global HIV/AIDS and STD Surveillance Fact Sheets, 2002.

Risk Factors

Percent of Adults Ages 15-49 Who are Obese 1996/2001, Female:
Data for Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala, and Nicaragua are from ORC Macro, Demographic and Health Surveys (various years). Data for Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay are from WHO, “Global Database on Body Mass Index” (unpublished). US data are from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1990-2000.

Percent of Adults Ages 15-49 Who are Obese 1996/2001, Male:
Data for Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay are from WHO, “Global Database on Body Mass Index” (unpublished). US data are from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1990-2000.

Causes of Mortality

Number of Deaths From HIV/AIDS 1997/2002, Female and Male:
All country data, except United States and Canada, are from PAHO, Regional Core Health Data System: Table Generator, 2001 (www.paho.org). Canadian data are from Health Canada, Division of HIV/AIDS Epidemiology and Surveillance, HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance Report to June 30, 2002. US data are from CDC, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 13, no. 2 (2001).