(July 2010) Over the past two decades, China's population has been aging rapidly. As a result of China's "one-child" policy and low mortality, the proportion of elderly citizens will continue to grow very quickly, increasing the stress on an already troubled health care system.

The Division of Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) supports research on the health of China's elderly population. This work has contributed to understanding the characteristics of China's oldest-old (ages 80 and older) and the dilemmas in meeting their health care needs. This newsletter reviews some recent research—both NIA-sponsored and other research—that explores these challenges.

Will Thompson is an intern at the Population Reference Bureau.