PRB Region Feed: Europe/Regions/Europe.aspxNew Fertility Rates for EuropeLow fertility rates concern policymakers within Europe because they mean an older age structure and population decline over the long term, even with immigration. 10/31/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/newfertilityrates.aspxc486322a-9617-449e-b0f5-f10c308cc0f2Changes in Child Care Could Reduce Job Options for Eastern German MothersLevels of use and provision of public child care are similar in eastern and western Germany. This pattern could ultimately limit the options of eastern German mothers with young children to work full time. 04/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/ChangesinChildCareCouldReduceJobOptionsforEasternGermanMothers.aspxa3b3035c-cec2-4825-ade9-5d508a39c975Noncommunicable Diseases Among Older Adults in Low- and Middle-Income CountriesThis e-newsletter highlights work by National Institute on Aging (NIA)-supported researchers and others on the patterns and dynamics of noncommunicable diseases among older adults in low- and middle-income countries.08/01/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/noncommunicable-diseases-older-adults.aspx9892ca36-3793-4a58-9b4e-df341a6c5d8eResearch on Health and Well-Being Aims to Improve Quality of Life in Later YearsAs older Americans live longer, researchers are exploring the connections between health and well-being in order to improve the overall quality of life in later years. 06/19/2015/Publications/Articles/2015/todays-research-aging-wellbeing.aspx6ca058c8-a626-47b9-83ef-c8f0276a4d94Eastern Europe and Central Asia Have Fastest Rising HIV RateThere were 5,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia in 1990, but by 2001 there were an estimated 1 million. Public health services are ill-equipped to deal with the epidemic. 09/15/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/EasternEuropeandCentralAsiaHaveFastestRisingHIVRate.aspx5cc3bfce-f045-4b82-a1c0-05040d35d529PopWire: Child Well-Being in Developed CountriesThe Netherlands ranked at the top of 21 countries, followed by Sweden, in UNICEF's first comprehensive assessment of child well-being in developed nations. 02/20/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/PopWireFebruary2007.aspx1e51c0d6-a11d-4d5a-b26a-24b23234dd1fDo Family Policies Work? Evidence From Europe and the United StatesFrances Goldscheider, professor emerita at Brown University and senior scholar at Child Trends discussed policies with positive impact on demographic trends in Europe and in the United States during a PRB policy seminar.03/08/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/familypoliciespolicyseminar.aspxf158f91e-75aa-4c72-b4bf-6836a05f6f91Albania's Fertility Decline Tied to Traditional Family Planning MethodsThe total fertility rate in Albania is now at 1.6 lifetime births per woman. Remarkably, this fertility decline was achieved by relying on withdrawal and other less effective, traditional family planning methods.11/01/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/albania.aspxcb94f34e-bff9-4124-9afc-189be58ba2a5Obesity Threatens the Health of Older EuropeansAbout one-half of the men and more than one-third of the women ages 50 or older in 10 European countries were overweight or obese.06/19/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/obesityineurope.aspxb9d01a19-d808-41b6-9115-9c3afcd533e3Addressing the Physical and Mental Health of Women and Adolescents Trafficked in EuropeWomen who have been subjected to trafficking and forced into service, including sex work, are more likely to suffer multiple physical and mental health problems than the general female population. But women can show vast improvement after only a month of professional care. 07/17/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/HealthofTraffickedWomen.aspxb5d7b3c5-cdec-46c0-9728-a6702e9e6c26