PRB Region Feed: Europe/Regions/Europe.aspxUkraine's Demographic RealityUkraine's demographic outlook has changed from a country with a modestly high birth rate to one with more rapid aging and a smaller number of young people. 03/27/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/ukraine-population.aspx9ea78621-032d-4483-b33d-342a0c04fd54HIV Spreads Rapidly in Eastern Europe, Central AsiaEastern European and Central Asian countries face the troubling news that HIV infections in the region are increasing more rapidly than anywhere else in the world, with unsafe drug-injecting practices responsible for the vast majority of infections.12/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/HIVSpreadsRapidlyinEasternEuropeCentralAsia.aspx51e4e940-6d40-49fe-942c-a336bc92260dLow Fertility Not Politically SustainableWhile for many countries concerns about high birth rates persist, for many other countries the problem now is very low rates of birth.09/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/LowFertilityNotPoliticallySustainable.aspx50ab2ea6-6dfd-43e0-a8aa-c6b31c78a18fBirths Outside Marriage Now Common in Many Countries in EuropeThe link between formal marriage and childbearing has greatly weakened worldwide. The sharp rise in births outside of marriage in most developed countries is a recent social phenomenon.11/04/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/birthsoutsidemarriage.aspx2997f863-235c-4d19-87c3-788048668ab0Russia's Modest Migration Gains Unlikely to Stop Population DeclineOver the past decade in Russia, the rising mortality rate among middle-age males and the plunging fertility rate have been cited as contributors to the decline in population. Migration, too, is having a considerable effect. 06/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/RussiasModestMigrationGainsUnlikelytoStopPopulationDecline.aspx253efe09-0056-4044-b90d-ac9055eaf466Fertility Rates in Low Birth-Rate Countries, 1996-2011PRB has updated "Fertility Rates in Low Birth-Rate Countries, 1996 to Most Recent Year," showing birth rate trends in low-fertility countries. A large number of TFRs for 2011 are now available, either reported officially by national statistical offices or estimated by PRB from reported births. 03/28/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/low-fertility-countries-tfr.aspx1e6c7cc1-8490-4937-955d-bbe7b13a7c37Do Muslims Have More Children Than Other Women in Western Europe?The increasing number and visibility of Muslims in Western Europe, juxtaposed with the low fertility among non-Muslims, has led some Europeans to worry that the region will eventually have a Muslim majority. A new study suggests that the fertility gap between Muslims and non-Muslims is shrinking.02/27/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/muslimsineurope.aspx16e0f80d-45ff-4b87-92ad-a01b7f6aa260Birth Rates Rising in Some Low Birth-Rate CountriesBirth rates are rising in a few countries that have had very low total fertility rates (TFRs) in recent years. But the pattern varies greatly among countries, sometimes because of government policies and immigration. PRB continues to track the TFR in low birth-rate countries. 09/14/2009/Publications/Articles/2009/fallingbirthrates.aspxd99a3d73-1fd6-4796-b4e4-ee10ac706a5cWorld Population Highlights 2007: UrbanizationThe world is on the verge of a shift: from predominantly rural to mainly urban. In 2008, more than half the world's people will live in urban areas. By 2030, urban dwellers will make up roughly 60 percent of the world's population.08/16/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/623Urbanization.aspxb2d3017b-6e53-4bb6-9410-4ebf1886c446Europe: A New Immigration Area?Should the European Union (EU) open its doors to immigration to slow the shrinking of the population and labor force? Many governments are concerned about population aging and decline resulting from decades of low birth rates. 05/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/EuropeANewImmigrationArea.aspxa3c3e70f-68e4-4ae1-9ff3-17114671fd97