PRB Region Feed: Europe/Regions/Europe.aspxMountains: Sources of Water, Sites of Poverty and WarMountains provide water, biodiversity, and recreation. But despite their bounty, they are home to some of the poorest people in the world, and this poverty invites resource conflicts that threaten mountain ecosystems and those who depend on them. (September 2002)08/09/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/MountainsSourcesofWaterSitesofPovertyandWar.aspx9ff005d6-397a-45ad-afae-38046b33336cTracking Trends in Low Fertility Countries: An Uptick in Europe?PRB has made a major update to its table of total fertility rates (TFRs) in countries with low or very low fertility rates. The newest tabulations suggest that fertility may be rising in some countries.09/18/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/tfrtrendsept08.aspx8877ba46-0530-4993-bc7a-713d2f0dc0e1Most European Women Use ContraceptivesEurope has the lowest fertility rates in the world. Social scientists point to a number of explanations for Europeans' apparent reluctance to have children. Chief among these explanations is that the vast majority of European women of childbearing age use contraception — about 80 percent. 04/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/MostEuropeanWomenUseContraceptives.aspx602f95eb-90c9-4a31-b0ca-b7a03c2bc522Russia's Demographic Decline ContinuesMigration into Russia offset over half of its natural decrease until 1998, but the flow of returnees appears to be tapering off. Recently released population estimates will likely be the last before Russia conducts its first post-Soviet census this October. 06/07/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/RussiasDemographicDeclineContinues.aspx372abcba-d61d-48c4-975c-0f80b6d5f89cHigh Death Rate Among Russian Men Predates Soviet Union's DemiseRussian men have a higher rate of death and lower life expectancy than men in other industrialized countries. Russians even fare worse than men in much poorer countries.04/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/HighDeathRateAmongRussianMenPredatesSovietUnionsDemise.aspx2e1329e5-fed6-4d6a-a0f1-deeb963dd734The Challenges of Integrating Family Planning and Maternal/Child Health ServicesIntegrating FP and MCH services can better meet the needs of women who do not want another birth within two years, while also offering opportunities to strengthen health systems. 06/15/2011/Publications/Articles/2011/family-planning-maternal-child-health-integration-programs.aspx2b81f7fb-ff0d-4d19-8659-c307832ed43cInterview With Andreas Edel, Executive Secretary, Population Europe PRB president Bill Butz sat down with Population Europe executive secretary Andreas Edel to discuss Population Europe's work, how to communicate to varied audiences, and PRB's affiliation with the organization. 10/05/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/populationeuropeinterview.aspx2402373e-6bde-49be-bdeb-b5f0ea1cba23More Caregivers Needed Worldwide for the 'Oldest Old'The Population Reference Bureau's 2010 World Population Data Sheet focuses on a rapidly aging world, highlighting many countries' pressures to care for their elderly citizens, including providing information on the number of middle-aged people available to care for one person in the oldest age group. 10/06/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/oldestold2050.aspx1009d00d-6c15-4f8c-9048-d2e24928fb65The Baltics: Demographic Challenges and IndependenceLatvia, Estonia, and Lithuania are in the midst of a transition to independence after nearly 50 years of domination by the Soviet Union.11/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/TheBalticsDemographicChallengesandIndependence.aspx05b4f617-77ac-4141-aee6-bea58cded3ebPRB Discuss Online: PRB's 2010 World Population Data Sheet: Fewer and Fewer Workers to Support Aging Population During a PRB Discuss Online, Carl Haub, PRB senior demographer and author of the World Population Data Sheet, and Linda Jacobsen, vice-president of Domestic Programs at PRB, answered participants' questions about global aging and current population trends. 08/04/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/discussionaug2010.aspxf2cac4bc-b79d-4ab2-9c5a-eb1cc30d2a0c