PRB Region Feed: Latin America/Regions/LatinAmerica.aspxBrazil's Needle-Exchange Programs Reduce HIV Risks for Drug UsersHIV transmission rates among drug users have fallen by 7.6 percent in 1997 and 18 percent in 1998. A needle-exchange program, partly funded by the government, takes partial credit for the decline.06/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/BrazilsNeedleExchangeProgramsReduceHIVRisksforDrugUsers.aspxe9ae5dd6-c780-4a64-a6ab-62644038dedbSouth American Transition to Low Fertility Spreads to ParaguayDespite a large population that is traditionally hard to reach with reproductive health information and services, Paraguay recorded a remarkable increase in contraceptive use and a sharp decline in fertility over the past decade. 04/30/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/paraguaytfrdecline.aspxc335f914-77f8-477e-9415-925ea62abe65A Path for Balanced Population Growth?In terms of world population growth, Latin America and the Caribbean stand in the middle of the demographic picture. LAC growth outstrips its northern neighbors, the United States and Canada, and is expected to have roughly twice North America's population by 2050. 02/07/2003/Publications/Articles/2003/APathforBalancedPopulationGrowth.aspxba3c259e-dece-44c7-a27f-b18ceef0870aColombia Faces Prospects of More Population DisplacementAlready one of the world's major centers of displaced people, Colombia faces the likelihood that the latest escalation in its civil war will force even more people from their homes.03/02/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/ColombiaFacesProspectsofMorePopulationDisplacement.aspxb620018a-963d-48c1-af41-a0bd5929fc3fAging in Latin America and the Caribbean Older people have begun to represent a growing proportion of LAC's population and children a shrinking share--a result of dramatic increases in life expectancy and declines in fertility. This issue of Today's Research on Aging examines new research on these demographic trends and their implications to help policymakers plan for the well-being of their aging populations.04/28/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/latin-america-life-expectancy.aspxb469a0fd-3928-4691-9755-180ffccfd613World Population Highlights 2007: UrbanizationThe world is on the verge of a shift: from predominantly rural to mainly urban. In 2008, more than half the world's people will live in urban areas. By 2030, urban dwellers will make up roughly 60 percent of the world's population.08/16/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/623Urbanization.aspxb2d3017b-6e53-4bb6-9410-4ebf1886c446Birth Spacing and Childhood UndernutritionOne factor often overlooked when considering strategies to reduce undernutrition is birth spacing, the time interval between births. According to a recent study, shorter birth intervals increase the risk of both stunting and underweight.03/24/2009/Publications/Articles/2009/birthspacing.aspxaf4a4b73-e47e-4c49-a2f4-22d0d53db1e8Regional Differences in Age Patterns of Unsafe Abortion Suggest Need for Tailored InterventionsThe ages at which women have unsafe abortions—those abortions performed by unskilled practitioners in unhygienic conditions—differ markedly among regions in the developing world.10/01/2005/Publications/Articles/2005/RegionalDifferencesinAgePatternsofUnsafeAbortionSuggestNeedforTailoredInterventions.aspxabf668d1-4d17-4d39-a7f9-876af448afaeMigrant Street Children on the Rise in Central AmericaNatural disasters like Hurricane Mitch, economic crises, and poverty have helped create a new kind of Latin American migrant. This traveler, who may be as young as 12 years old, is part of a growing population of children who work, live, and sleep in the streets.02/14/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/MigrantStreetChildrenontheRiseinCentralAmerica.aspxaabac0f8-ceaa-449c-9496-48479b74e4a6In Bolivia, Slow Fertility Decline and Some Improvements in Health IndicatorsThe most recent demographic and health survey in Boliva shows some improvement in infant and child health. But use of effective family planning remains low.08/20/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/bolivia.aspxa79dc951-79b4-4180-81d8-528ea21afb5f