PRB Region Feed: Latin America/Regions/LatinAmerica.aspxMany Peruvians Rely on Traditional Family Planning MethodsPeruvian women are having fewer children and waiting longer between pregnancies, many by using traditional family planning methods. The 2009 results from an ongoing DHS show that Peru's average fertility has fallen from 3.5 children per woman in 1996 to 2.6 children per woman. 11/17/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/perufamilyplanning.aspxa00f196d-369b-439a-896d-469b3d819f2dHaiti's Health Indicators Reflect Its Political and Economic PainsWith decades of political violence, persistent poverty, and poor health conditions, the world's first black-led republic is better known as a country in crisis than one with a rich political and cultural history.01/09/2004/Publications/Articles/2004/HaitisHealthIndicatorsReflectItsPoliticalandEconomicPains.aspx965ae7b5-75d4-40a3-85c7-f6fc7eb1a232Climate Change, Rural Vulnerabilities, and MigrationIn February 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a panel of international experts assessing the current scientific knowledge on climate asserted that warming of the earth's climate system is "unequivocal." 06/05/2007/Publications/Articles/2007/ClimateChangeinRuralAreas.aspx96613457-6aec-4f5e-9252-1d4febb9a04bEasing Urban Poverty Key to Economic Growth in Central AmericaCentral American countries are urbanizing rapidly. Big cities there are straining to provide basic services to residents, and experts worry about the potential for higher poverty rates, more pollution, and increased crime.10/01/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/EasingUrbanPovertyKeytoEconomicGrowthinCentralAmerica.aspx8fef9486-ee20-4041-a950-21a770c5be94El Salvador Survey Shows Lower Fertility, Increased Contraceptive UseWomen of childbearing age in El Salvador are having fewer children and using more family planning, with a recent increase in the use of injectable contraceptives.The recent survey shows not only an impressive narrowing in the fertility differences among rich and poor, urban and rural. 10/14/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/elsalvador.aspx8c3a39c0-e606-4553-bf03-6a5a2d0b1411Environmental Refugees or Economic Migrants?A concern is whether environmental change will displace large numbers of vulnerable people in the developing world, particularly from rural areas. New research from Ecuador and Indonesia shows that environmentally induced migration can be temporary. 01/28/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/environmentalmigrants.aspx8610be59-46fe-4938-b45d-3d4c3bfc9ff3For Malnourished Boys, Earliest Days a Critical Window for Cognitive DevelopmentIn rural Nicaragua where malnutrition is widespread, improved nutrition and health care during a boy's first 1,000 days (from the beginning of his mother's pregnancy to about age 2) has a lasting positive impact on cognitive development and learning, new research finds.06/14/2013/Publications/Articles/2013/malnutrition-boys.aspx7375bbc0-9b7b-4afc-a05e-a5a9038939cdEarthquake Magnifies Haiti's Economic and Health ChallengesEven before the massive earthquake in January 2010, Haiti's nearly 10 million people ranked as the poorest in the Western Hemisphere. The destruction has been devastating for Haiti's population and economy.09/30/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/haiti.aspx6e5ec981-71c3-4f61-970b-999fd75a17daSafeguarding the Contraceptive Supply in Latin America in an Era of Donor Phase-OutInternational donors have recently begun to phase out assistance and supplies, producing a gap that Latin American governments have to fill. Contraceptive security now requires serious planning and finding options that are affordable so that family planning successes can be maintained. 06/01/2006/Publications/Articles/2006/SafeguardingtheContraceptiveSupplyinLatinAmericainanEraofDonorPhaseOut.aspx6497551f-dc8c-4f89-8c7b-a979c5ce5097Early Sexual Activity Raises HIV Risk for Trinidad and Tobago GirlsIn Trinidad and Tobago, among girls from 15 to 19 years old, six times as many young women as young men have HIV. This is a dramatic turnaround over the last five years.12/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/EarlySexualActivityRaisesHIVRiskforTrinidadandTobagoGirls.aspx4f7a112b-2c31-4a1b-99a0-acc6da5cae1c