PRB Region Feed: Latin America/Regions/LatinAmerica.aspxFamily Planning Policies and the Poor in PeruOver the past two decades, the government of Peru has instituted a series of laws and policies designed to expand access to family planning services. A recent article in International Family Planning Perspectives notes that these policies have not always achieved their desired effect. 03/14/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/perufamilyplanning.aspx6ceb5512-9092-4764-8791-0d9594360273Family Planning Challenges and Decentralization of Health Services in Latin AmericaIn recent decades, several countries throughout Latin America have undergone health sector reform in efforts to improve the quality of care and the level of coverage. Among the most common of these reforms is the decentralization of health services.06/24/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/familyplanning-latinamerica.aspxbc314701-87c2-423e-b870-b05d0e1700f3Caribbean Faces AIDS EpidemicWith the highest HIV prevalence rate of any region besides sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean has sprung into virus prevention and treatment mode. 10/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/CaribbeanFacesAIDSEpidemic.aspx5c972a11-b4a0-49c5-99e3-a2a922c86d8dPesticides: A Threat to Central America's Children and the Region's FuturePesticides pose a health threat to people of all ages, but children face the greatest danger of all. And while children all over the world are menaced by these chemicals, nowhere is the threat more serious than in Central America.09/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/PesticidesAThreattoCentralAmericasChildrenandtheRegionsFuture.aspx2ce2b2e3-6d88-49eb-ae63-ef95fa39c1d1Reproductive Health and Economic Development: What Connections Should We Focus On?This PopPov Research Network brief examines the emerging evidence base for answering questions about the relationship between reproductive health and important areas of human capital development.05/16/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/poppov-economicdevelopment-reproductivehealth-women.aspxf9419a26-998d-49fd-9af9-3128ff841486HIV Hits Marginal Populations Hardest in Latin America, Leading Cause of Death for Some Caribbean NationsHIV prevalence rates in the Caribbean are the second-highest in the world. In most of Latin America, HIV/AIDS has hit the marginal populations hardest: men who have sex with men, commercial sex workers, and injecting drug users, but heterosexual transmission is increasingly important. 09/30/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/HIVHitsMarginalPopulationsHardestinLatinAmericaLeadingCauseofDeathforSomeCaribbeanNations.aspxf24ad115-c654-4fe3-a5f9-1c1eb7f8cd66Age Structure Has Changed Differently Across Regions Between 1970 and 2014Today, the share of global population under age 20 has dropped to about 35 percent, the population between ages 20 and 64 represent 58 percent, and ages 65 and older represent 7 percent.10/16/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/wpds-2014-pyramids.aspxe1aa4c9e-9e98-421d-934c-0cbc30e2f6c7Countries Vary in Progress Toward Reducing Still-High Maternal MortalityGlobally, the maternal mortality ratio dropped from 380 deaths to 210 deaths per 100,000 live births between 1990 and 2013.10/15/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/wpds-2014-maternal-mortality.aspxd962b3e1-4d00-448a-aacb-7785385026c5Extreme Poverty Rate Falls in Many CountriesGlobally, 1.2 billion people still live on less than $1.25 a day, and disproportionately large numbers of them live in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.10/15/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/wpds-2014-extreme-poverty.aspxd8d151fd-0716-4f26-8d17-cc58c3996cf0Pondering the Prospects for Lower Fertility in High-Fertility CountriesUN demographers are reviewing assumptions about the future fertility of today’s 46 high-fertility countries.10/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/PonderingtheProspectsforLowerFertilityinHighFertilityCountries.aspxc6bc6bb8-7306-4a05-bfd6-ce5f2cb40881