PRB Region Feed: Latin America/Regions/LatinAmerica.aspxFamily Planning Challenges and Decentralization of Health Services in Latin AmericaIn recent decades, several countries throughout Latin America have undergone health sector reform in efforts to improve the quality of care and the level of coverage. Among the most common of these reforms is the decentralization of health services.06/24/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/familyplanning-latinamerica.aspxbc314701-87c2-423e-b870-b05d0e1700f3Family Planning Policies and the Poor in PeruOver the past two decades, the government of Peru has instituted a series of laws and policies designed to expand access to family planning services. A recent article in International Family Planning Perspectives notes that these policies have not always achieved their desired effect. 03/14/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/perufamilyplanning.aspx6ceb5512-9092-4764-8791-0d9594360273Caribbean Faces AIDS EpidemicWith the highest HIV prevalence rate of any region besides sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean has sprung into virus prevention and treatment mode. 10/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/CaribbeanFacesAIDSEpidemic.aspx5c972a11-b4a0-49c5-99e3-a2a922c86d8dPesticides: A Threat to Central America's Children and the Region's FuturePesticides pose a health threat to people of all ages, but children face the greatest danger of all. And while children all over the world are menaced by these chemicals, nowhere is the threat more serious than in Central America.09/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/PesticidesAThreattoCentralAmericasChildrenandtheRegionsFuture.aspx2ce2b2e3-6d88-49eb-ae63-ef95fa39c1d1Reproductive Health and Economic Development: What Connections Should We Focus On?This PopPov Research Network brief examines the emerging evidence base for answering questions about the relationship between reproductive health and important areas of human capital development.05/16/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/poppov-economicdevelopment-reproductivehealth-women.aspxf9419a26-998d-49fd-9af9-3128ff841486Gender and the Environment: Reflections from Central AmericaCristina Espinosa and Lorena Aguilar, from the Social Policy Program of the World Conservation Union, gave a seminar at PRB on "Gender and the Environment: Reflections from Central America." 08/01/2000/Publications/Articles/2000/GenderandtheEnvironmentReflectionsfromCentralAmerica.aspxf4a9a440-9d5f-4af8-b720-59c9c6062360HIV Hits Marginal Populations Hardest in Latin America, Leading Cause of Death for Some Caribbean NationsHIV prevalence rates in the Caribbean are the second-highest in the world. In most of Latin America, HIV/AIDS has hit the marginal populations hardest: men who have sex with men, commercial sex workers, and injecting drug users, but heterosexual transmission is increasingly important. 09/30/2002/Publications/Articles/2002/HIVHitsMarginalPopulationsHardestinLatinAmericaLeadingCauseofDeathforSomeCaribbeanNations.aspxf24ad115-c654-4fe3-a5f9-1c1eb7f8cd66PRB Discuss Online: PRB's 2010 World Population Data Sheet: Fewer and Fewer Workers to Support Aging Population During a PRB Discuss Online, Carl Haub, PRB senior demographer and author of the World Population Data Sheet, and Linda Jacobsen, vice-president of Domestic Programs at PRB, answered participants' questions about global aging and current population trends. 08/04/2010/Publications/Articles/2010/discussionaug2010.aspxf2cac4bc-b79d-4ab2-9c5a-eb1cc30d2a0cBrazil's Needle-Exchange Programs Reduce HIV Risks for Drug UsersHIV transmission rates among drug users have fallen by 7.6 percent in 1997 and 18 percent in 1998. A needle-exchange program, partly funded by the government, takes partial credit for the decline.06/01/2001/Publications/Articles/2001/BrazilsNeedleExchangeProgramsReduceHIVRisksforDrugUsers.aspxe9ae5dd6-c780-4a64-a6ab-62644038dedbAge Structure Has Changed Differently Across Regions Between 1970 and 2014Today, the share of global population under age 20 has dropped to about 35 percent, the population between ages 20 and 64 represent 58 percent, and ages 65 and older represent 7 percent.10/16/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/wpds-2014-pyramids.aspxe1aa4c9e-9e98-421d-934c-0cbc30e2f6c7