PRB Topic Feed: Labor Force/Topics/LaborForce.aspxWhy 1 in 7 Americans Receive Food StampsThe weak U.S. economy, reflected in higher unemployment, lower incomes, and widening inequality, is the main reason the number of Americans receiving federal food stamp benefits grew rapidly since 2000.03/05/2014/Publications/Articles/2014/us-food-stamps.aspxe9d97e5c-09cd-4a80-910a-cdaab0c465faWomen, Men, and WorkThis report describes changes in women's and men's paid and unpaid labor and assesses how women's and men's work lives have changed over the past three decades. 10/01/2004/Publications/Articles/2004/WomenMenandWork.aspxe7e13a34-74a6-4305-b883-724967db4594Welfare Limits Mean Increased Hardship for Rural Ohio FamiliesA new study of low-income Appalachian Ohio families finds that time limits on cash welfare benefits have coincided with gains in employment and a distressing rise in their levels of hunger and homelessness.01/01/2005/Publications/Articles/2005/WelfareLimitsMeanIncreasedHardshipforRuralOhioFamilies.aspxdf6f193c-3b71-4d61-9f4e-22426c8b1291Army Recruitment Goals Endangered as Percent of African American Enlistees DeclinesThe past five years have seen a drop in overall African American enlistment levels that has reduced black participation in the armed forces to percentages not seen since 1973.12/01/2005/Publications/Articles/2005/ArmyRecruitmentGoalsEndangeredasPercentofAfricanAmericanEnlisteesDeclines.aspxbf02a1fb-894b-4235-a476-9ca38153a7d8Offshoring U.S. Labor IncreasingThe movement of manufacturing jobs from one country to has been occurring for decades, but the offshoring of services jobs is an incipient phenomenon, emerging in substantial numbers since 2002 and growing rapidly.09/30/2008/Publications/Articles/2008/offshoring.aspxbc8f4b8e-f65d-4630-b5f6-e3c911ed29f5U.S. Science and Engineering Labor Force Stalls, but Trends Vary Across StatesPRB's analysis of data from the American Community Survey shows that the size of the U.S. science and engineering (S&E) labor force has declined from its peak at the turn of the 21st century.02/17/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/scientists-engineers.aspxbc34dd98-b8a3-4f24-a9ca-a4d4e21b0b39More Mothers of Young Children in U.S. WorkforceIn the United States, the recent economic recession, the steady decline in men's real earnings, the growth in single-mother families, and the increase in women's educational levels are some of the factors likely contributing to the growth in the proportion of mothers of young children in the workforce. 11/07/2012/Publications/Articles/2012/us-working-mothers-with-children.aspxb3ee7985-1c0d-499a-b0fb-0e2f5797156aEthiopia Potential to Reap a Demographic DividendDeclining mortality and fertility rates are transitioning Ethiopia toward an age structure that has the potential to provide significant economic benefit. 08/01/2017/Publications/Articles/2017/Ethiopia-Potential-to-Reap-a-Demographic-Dividend.aspxb2c7ec6e-8015-4823-b8f4-528be1a62ae7Full-Time Work Among Elderly IncreasesIncreasing numbers of older workers in the United States are now employed full-time—which could improve the ability of American workers to save enough for retirement and moderate the labor shortage analysts now anticipate in the wake of the retirement of baby boomers.04/01/2006/Publications/Articles/2006/FullTimeWorkAmongElderlyIncreases.aspxac69c945-716b-407a-9243-90e6f09a6779U.S. Regional Population Losses Linked to High UnemploymentHigh unemployment rates are not just creating a drag on the U.S. economy, but are also linked to lagging population growth in economically distressed areas. 03/18/2009/Publications/Articles/2009/uspopulationloss.aspxab1b5beb-b62e-4841-9db1-8bc329a46654