(December 2000) According to just-released results from Census 2000, the population of the United States grew 13.2 percent between 1990 and 2000, or from 248,709,873 to 281,421,906. And in the much-awaited state population totals that will be used to reapportion seats in the U.S. House of Representatives:

  • Arizona, Texas, Georgia, and Florida will each gain two seats in the House
  • California, Colorado, Nevada, and North Carolina will each gain one seat
  • Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin will each lose one seat
  • New York and Pennsylvania will each lose two seats.

Census director Kenneth Prewitt noted that 12 seats will change, and 18 states are affected. The reapportioned Congress, which will be the 108th, convenes in January 2003.

The most populous state in the country was California (33,871,648); the least populous was Wyoming (493,782). The state that gained the most numerically since the 1990 Census was California, up from 29,760,021 to 33,871,648. But Prewitt noted that California didn’t grow as rapidly as it has historically. Texas replaced New York as the second most populous state.

Regionally, the South and West picked up the bulk of the nation’s population increase, 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively. The Northeast and Midwest also grew: 2,785,149 and 4,724,144, respectively.

“The participation by the people of this country in Census 2000 not only reversed a three-decade decline in response rates, but also played a key role in helping produce a quality census,” said Commerce Secretary Norman Mineta at the press conference. The response rate from mailed-in census forms was 67%, but Prewitt cautioned that the response rate from the door-to-door canvassing also needed to be factored in.

Over the next several months, the Census Bureau will release more detailed results. In early March, the Bureau will release race/ethnicity data and age data.

As governed by Title 13 of the U.S. Code, by Dec. 31 the Department of Commerce must release to the president the population counts for the country, all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

For More Information

U.S. Census Bureau: www.census.gov.