(July 2005) China faces important challenges as it strives to contain a large and growing HIV/AIDS crisis that experts fear could affect more than 10 million people there by 2010. While China has made significant advances in confronting HIV/AIDS, the epidemic—which had initially centered among intravenous drug users and former plasma donors—is exploiting new opportunities for transmission through heterosexual sex and sex between men. Trends now indicate a serious potential for the disease to expand into the general population.

Written by Drew Thompson, assistant director with the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C., China Confronts HIV/AIDS explores the country’s multifaceted HIV epidemic and details efforts by the Chinese government and the international community to contain the spread of HIV. The report also examines the implications of the epidemic’s current trends on future Chinese policy.