(January 2012) Madagascar is an environmental treasure in the Indian Ocean, home to 5 percent of global biodiversity. Eighty percent of Madagascar’s flora and fauna are found nowhere else in the world. Yet it also ranks as a “least developed country” and its population of 21 million is one of the fastest-growing in the world, projected to reach 29 million by 2025. Maternal mortality is extremely high and only 29 percent of married women are using modern contraception.

In this interview, Vik Mohan of the UK-based marine conservation organization Blue Ventures describes the population and environment challenges of rural coastal Madagascar and how Blue Ventures has successfully integrated family planning with ongoing conservation work to benefit communities health and livelihoods.