(June 2012) Alberto Palloni, professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has worked on a large scale, long-term project in Latin America and the Caribbean involving data collection on health conditions and demand for health care of the elderly in Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. In this interview, Palloni discusses major research findings, the burden of non-communicable diseases in the region (especially smoking), and potential policy implications.