(May 2002) The Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program, run by the Social Security Administration, provides monthly benefits to replace the loss of earnings as a result of retirement, death, or disability. The majority of OASDI funds are used to provide benefits to retired workers. Nationwide, such payments account for nearly 70 percent OASDI expenditures. The remaining portion is split between survivor benefits and disability benefits (15 percent each). About 96 percent of workers in the United States contribute to Social Security through the FICA payroll tax.
In 2000, West Virginia had the highest percentage of its population receiving OASDI benefits (22 percent). After it came Arkansas, Florida, and Maine, with 20 percent each. Alaska had the smallest share of recipients (9 percent), but there were several other states with similar shares, including Utah (11 percent), California (12 percent), Colorado (12 percent), and the District of Columbia (13 percent).
In monetary terms, California received the largest share of Social Security funds in 2000 ($3.3 billion), followed by Florida and New York ($2.5 billion each). On a per capita basis, Social Security expenditures are highest in West Virginia ($161), Florida ($155), and Pennsylvania ($154) and lowest in Alaska ($63).