Population mid-2050 (millions)

Projections are based on a recent census, official national data, or analyses conducted by national statistical offices, regional organizations, PRB, UN Population Division, or International Programs of the U.S. Census Bureau. The effects of refugee movements, large numbers of foreign workers, and population shifts due to current events are taken into account to the extent possible. Projected populations based on reasonable assumptions on the future course of fertility, mortality, and migration.

Population mid-2050 (millions)

Population mid-2050 (millions)

Geography Population mid-2050 (millions)
WORLD 9783.0
AFRICA 2487.0
NORTHERN AFRICA 360.0
Algeria 61.5
Egypt 147.1
Libya 8.5
Morocco 43.6
Sudan 84.5
Tunisia 13.6
Western Sahara 0.9
WESTERN AFRICA 778.0
Benin 25.3
Burkina Faso 40.1
Cape Verde 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 55.0
Gambia 4.7
Ghana 52.2
Guinea 22.8
GuineaBissau 3.4
Liberia 8.9
Mali 47.4
Mauritania 9.6
Niger 67.0
Nigeria 377.5
Senegal 33.5
Sierra Leone 14.4
Togo 15.5
EASTERN AFRICA 850.0
Burundi 24.1
Comoros 1.2
Djibouti 1.5
Eritrea 6.0
Ethiopia 214.8
Kenya 85.2
Madagascar 56.2
Malawi 33.6
Mauritius 1.2
Mayotte 0.7
Mozambique 63.0
Reunion 1.1
Rwanda 23.1
Seychelles 0.1
Somalia 36.5
South Sudan 17.5
Tanzania 133.8
Uganda 87.6
Zambia 36.7
Zimbabwe 26.4
MIDDLE AFRICA 407.0
Angola 72.3
Cameroon 50.1
Central African Republic 13.3
Chad 36.5
Congo 10.4
Congo DR 217.5
Equatorial Guinea 2.8
Gabon 3.8
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4
SOUTHERN AFRICA 92.0
Botswana 3.7
eSwatini 1.7
Lesotho 2.9
Namibia 3.8
South Africa 80.3
NORTHERN AMERICA 435.0
Canada 50.9
United States 383.6
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 748.0
CENTRAL AMERICA 211.0
Belize 0.6
Costa Rica 6.1
El Salvador 6.6
Guatemala 24.6
Honduras 14.3
Mexico 143.8
Nicaragua 8.8
Panama 5.9
CARIBBEAN 47.0
Antigua and Barbuda 0.1
Bahamas 0.5
Barbados 0.3
Cuba 9.9
Curacao 0.2
Dominica 0.1
Dominican Republic 13.2
Grenada 0.1
Guadeloupe 0.4
Haiti 14.9
Jamaica 2.5
Martinique 0.3
Puerto Rico 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.1
St. Lucia 0.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3
SOUTH AMERICA 490.0
Argentina 52.2
Bolivia 16.0
Brazil 230.8
Chile 21.6
Colombia 57.7
Ecuador 21.0
French Guiana 0.5
Guyana 0.9
Paraguay 7.7
Peru 41.3
Suriname 0.7
Uruguay 3.5
Venezuela 35.9
ASIA 5325.0
WESTERN ASIA 411.0
Armenia 2.5
Azerbaijan 10.7
Bahrain 1.9
Cyprus 1.4
Georgia 3.1
Iraq 74.5
Israel 15.7
Jordan 14.1
Kuwait 5.2
Lebanon 4.9
Oman 6.8
Palestinian Territory 9.8
Qatar 3.4
Saudi Arabia 48.4
Syria 38.3
Turkey 103.2
United Arab Emirates 11.4
Yemen 55.3
CENTRAL ASIA 111.0
Kazakhstan 26.0
Kyrgyzstan 9.5
Tajikistan 16.0
Turkmenistan 8.3
Uzbekistan 51.2
SOUTH ASIA 2503.0
Afghanistan 80.4
Bangladesh 223.5
Bhutan 0.9
India 1670.5
Iran 99.0
Maldives 0.9
Nepal 37.4
Pakistan 367.8
Sri Lanka 22.8
SOUTHEAST ASIA 786.0
Brunei 0.5
Cambodia 22.2
Indonesia 328.9
Laos 10.6
Malaysia 40.1
Myanmar 66.2
Philippines 144.4
Singapore 6.2
Thailand 57.9
Timor Leste 1.8
Vietnam 107.0
EAST ASIA 1514.0
China 1303.5
China, Hong Kong SAR 7.6
China, Macao SAR 0.8
Japan 101.8
Korea, North 25.8
Korea, South 47.2
Mongolia 5.1
Taiwan 21.9
EUROPE 725.0
NORTHERN EUROPE 113.0
Denmark 6.3
Estonia 1.3
Finland 5.5
Iceland 0.5
Ireland 5.9
Latvia 1.5
Lithuania 2.3
Norway 6.1
Sweden 11.8
United Kingdom 71.7
WESTERN EUROPE 209.0
Austria 9.9
Belgium 12.6
France 66.4
Germany 89.2
Liechtenstein 0.0
Luxembourg 0.8
Monaco 0.0
Netherlands 19.5
Switzerland 10.4
EASTERN EUROPE 256.0
Belarus 8.1
Bulgaria 5.3
Czechia 10.9
Hungary 8.3
Moldova 3.0
Poland 33.2
Romania 16.7
Russia 133.1
Slovakia 4.9
Ukraine 32.9
SOUTHERN EUROPE 147.0
Albania 2.2
Andorra 0.1
Bosnia Herzegovina 2.9
Croatia 3.4
Greece 9.5
Italy 54.1
Kosovo 1.6
Malta 0.5
Montenegro 0.7
North Macedonia 1.7
Portugal 9.4
San Marino 0.0
Serbia 5.3
Slovenia 2.1
Spain 53.4
OCEANIA 63.0
Australia 37.6
Federated States of Micronesia 0.1
Fiji 0.9
French Polynesia 0.3
Guam 0.2
Kiribati 0.2
Marshall Islands 0.1
Nauru 0.0
New Caledonia 0.3
New Zealand 6.2
Palau 0.0
Papua New Guinea 15.1
Samoa 0.2
Solomon Islands 1.3
Tonga 0.1
Tuvalu 0.0
Vanuatu 0.5
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Geography Population mid-2050 (millions)
WORLD 9783.0
AFRICA 2487.0
NORTHERN AFRICA 360.0
Algeria 61.5
Egypt 147.1
Libya 8.5
Morocco 43.6
Sudan 84.5
Tunisia 13.6
Western Sahara 0.9
WESTERN AFRICA 778.0
Benin 25.3
Burkina Faso 40.1
Cape Verde 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 55.0
Gambia 4.7
Ghana 52.2
Guinea 22.8
GuineaBissau 3.4
Liberia 8.9
Mali 47.4
Mauritania 9.6
Niger 67.0
Nigeria 377.5
Senegal 33.5
Sierra Leone 14.4
Togo 15.5
EASTERN AFRICA 850.0
Burundi 24.1
Comoros 1.2
Djibouti 1.5
Eritrea 6.0
Ethiopia 214.8
Kenya 85.2
Madagascar 56.2
Malawi 33.6
Mauritius 1.2
Mayotte 0.7
Mozambique 63.0
Reunion 1.1
Rwanda 23.1
Seychelles 0.1
Somalia 36.5
South Sudan 17.5
Tanzania 133.8
Uganda 87.6
Zambia 36.7
Zimbabwe 26.4
MIDDLE AFRICA 407.0
Angola 72.3
Cameroon 50.1
Central African Republic 13.3
Chad 36.5
Congo 10.4
Congo DR 217.5
Equatorial Guinea 2.8
Gabon 3.8
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4
SOUTHERN AFRICA 92.0
Botswana 3.7
eSwatini 1.7
Lesotho 2.9
Namibia 3.8
South Africa 80.3
NORTHERN AMERICA 435.0
Canada 50.9
United States 383.6
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 748.0
CENTRAL AMERICA 211.0
Belize 0.6
Costa Rica 6.1
El Salvador 6.6
Guatemala 24.6
Honduras 14.3
Mexico 143.8
Nicaragua 8.8
Panama 5.9
CARIBBEAN 47.0
Antigua and Barbuda 0.1
Bahamas 0.5
Barbados 0.3
Cuba 9.9
Curacao 0.2
Dominica 0.1
Dominican Republic 13.2
Grenada 0.1
Guadeloupe 0.4
Haiti 14.9
Jamaica 2.5
Martinique 0.3
Puerto Rico 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.1
St. Lucia 0.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3
SOUTH AMERICA 490.0
Argentina 52.2
Bolivia 16.0
Brazil 230.8
Chile 21.6
Colombia 57.7
Ecuador 21.0
French Guiana 0.5
Guyana 0.9
Paraguay 7.7
Peru 41.3
Suriname 0.7
Uruguay 3.5
Venezuela 35.9
ASIA 5325.0
WESTERN ASIA 411.0
Armenia 2.5
Azerbaijan 10.7
Bahrain 1.9
Cyprus 1.4
Georgia 3.1
Iraq 74.5
Israel 15.7
Jordan 14.1
Kuwait 5.2
Lebanon 4.9
Oman 6.8
Palestinian Territory 9.8
Qatar 3.4
Saudi Arabia 48.4
Syria 38.3
Turkey 103.2
United Arab Emirates 11.4
Yemen 55.3
CENTRAL ASIA 111.0
Kazakhstan 26.0
Kyrgyzstan 9.5
Tajikistan 16.0
Turkmenistan 8.3
Uzbekistan 51.2
SOUTH ASIA 2503.0
Afghanistan 80.4
Bangladesh 223.5
Bhutan 0.9
India 1670.5
Iran 99.0
Maldives 0.9
Nepal 37.4
Pakistan 367.8
Sri Lanka 22.8
SOUTHEAST ASIA 786.0
Brunei 0.5
Cambodia 22.2
Indonesia 328.9
Laos 10.6
Malaysia 40.1
Myanmar 66.2
Philippines 144.4
Singapore 6.2
Thailand 57.9
Timor Leste 1.8
Vietnam 107.0
EAST ASIA 1514.0
China 1303.5
China, Hong Kong SAR 7.6
China, Macao SAR 0.8
Japan 101.8
Korea, North 25.8
Korea, South 47.2
Mongolia 5.1
Taiwan 21.9
EUROPE 725.0
NORTHERN EUROPE 113.0
Denmark 6.3
Estonia 1.3
Finland 5.5
Iceland 0.5
Ireland 5.9
Latvia 1.5
Lithuania 2.3
Norway 6.1
Sweden 11.8
United Kingdom 71.7
WESTERN EUROPE 209.0
Austria 9.9
Belgium 12.6
France 66.4
Germany 89.2
Liechtenstein 0.0
Luxembourg 0.8
Monaco 0.0
Netherlands 19.5
Switzerland 10.4
EASTERN EUROPE 256.0
Belarus 8.1
Bulgaria 5.3
Czechia 10.9
Hungary 8.3
Moldova 3.0