Rate of Natural Increase (%)

The birth rate minus the death rate, expressed as a percentage. This value represents the estimated rate of population growth without regard for migration.

Rate of Natural Increase (%)

Rate of Natural Increase (%)

Geography Rate of Natural Increase (%)
WORLD 0.9
AFRICA 2.4
NORTHERN AFRICA 1.6
Algeria 1.7
Egypt 1.4
Libya 1.1
Morocco 1.2
Sudan 2.7
Tunisia 0.8
Western Sahara 1.1
WESTERN AFRICA 2.5
Benin 2.7
Burkina Faso 2.6
Cape Verde 0.9
Cote d'Ivoire 2.5
Gambia 2.6
Ghana 2.0
Guinea 2.4
Guinea-Bissau 2.2
Liberia 2.2
Mali 3.2
Mauritania 3.2
Niger 3.7
Nigeria 2.4
Senegal 2.7
Sierra Leone 2.3
Togo 2.4
EASTERN AFRICA 2.6
Burundi 2.7
Comoros 2.1
Djibouti 1.3
Eritrea 2.2
Ethiopia 2.6
Kenya 2.0
Madagascar 2.8
Malawi 2.6
Mauritius 0.0
Mayotte 3.1
Mozambique 2.8
Reunion 0.9
Rwanda 2.4
Seychelles 0.8
Somalia 3.2
South Sudan 1.8
Tanzania 3.0
Uganda 3.1
Zambia 2.7
Zimbabwe 2.1
MIDDLE AFRICA 3.1
Angola 3.1
Cameroon 2.6
Central African Republic 3.1
Chad 3.1
Congo 2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.2
Equatorial Guinea 2.1
Gabon 2.0
Sao Tome and Principe 2.2
SOUTHERN AFRICA 0.9
Botswana 1.4
eSwatini 1.3
Lesotho 1.2
Namibia 1.7
South Africa 0.8
NORTHERN AMERICA 0.1
Canada 0.2
United States 0.1
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 0.7
CENTRAL AMERICA 0.7
Belize 1.2
Costa Rica 0.4
El Salvador 0.7
Guatemala 1.5
Honduras 1.6
Mexico 0.5
Nicaragua 1.4
Panama 1.0
CARIBBEAN 0.5
Antigua and Barbuda 0.6
Bahamas 0.2
Barbados -0.1
Cuba -0.6
Curacao -0.2
Dominica 0.4
Dominican Republic 1.2
Grenada 0.8
Guadeloupe -0.3
Haiti 1.5
Jamaica 0.3
Martinique -0.4
Puerto Rico -0.4
St. Kitts-Nevis 0.2
Saint Lucia 0.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.3
Trinidad and Tobago 0.3
SOUTH AMERICA 0.6
Argentina 0.5
Bolivia 1.2
Brazil 0.6
Chile 0.5
Colombia 0.8
Ecuador 1.0
French Guiana 2.2
Guyana 1.0
Paraguay 1.3
Peru 0.6
Suriname 1.0
Uruguay -0.2
Venezuela 0.8
ASIA 0.8
WESTERN ASIA 1.3
Armenia 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.5
Bahrain 0.9
Cyprus 0.3
Georgia -0.4
Iraq 2.3
Israel 1.4
Jordan 1.2
Kuwait 0.9
Lebanon 0.7
Oman 1.6
Palestinian Territory 2.5
Qatar 0.9
Saudi Arabia 1.5
Syria 1.5
Turkey 0.6
United Arab Emirates 0.8
Yemen 2.3
CENTRAL ASIA 1.9
Kazakhstan 1.4
Kyrgyzstan 1.8
Tajikistan 2.2
Turkmenistan 1.5
Uzbekistan 2.1
SOUTH ASIA 1.4
Afghanistan 2.8
Bangladesh 1.2
Bhutan 1.0
India 1.4
Iran 0.7
Maldives 1.0
Nepal 1.3
Pakistan 2.0
Sri Lanka 0.6
SOUTHEAST ASIA 0.8
Brunei 1.0
Cambodia 1.5
Indonesia 0.7
Laos 1.4
Malaysia 0.9
Myanmar 0.7
Philippines 1.5
Singapore 0.3
Thailand 0.2
Timor-Leste 1.8
Vietnam 0.8
EAST ASIA 0.0
China 0.0
China, Hong Kong SAR -0.2
China, Macao SAR 0.4
Japan -0.5
Korea, North 0.4
Korea, South -0.1
Mongolia 1.5
Taiwan -0.1
EUROPE -0.3
NORTHERN EUROPE 0.0
Denmark 0.1
Estonia -0.4
Finland -0.1
Iceland 0.7
Ireland 0.5
Latvia -0.9
Lithuania -0.8
Norway 0.3
Sweden 0.2
United Kingdom 0.0
WESTERN EUROPE -0.1
Austria -0.1
Belgium 0.0
France 0.1
Germany -0.3
Liechtenstein 0.1
Luxembourg 0.3
Monaco 1.0
Netherlands 0.1
Switzerland 0.2
EASTERN EUROPE -0.6
Belarus -0.4
Bulgaria -1.3
Czechia -0.3
Hungary -0.6
Moldova -0.6
Poland -0.5
Romania -0.8
Russia -0.5
Slovakia -0.3
Ukraine -1.1
SOUTHERN EUROPE -0.4
Albania -0.1
Andorra 0.1
Bosnia-Herzegovina -0.7
Croatia -0.7
Greece -0.4
Italy -0.5
Kosovo 0.7
Malta 0.1
Montenegro -0.3
North Macedonia -0.5
Portugal -0.4
San Marino -0.3
Serbia -1.1
Slovenia -0.2
Spain -0.2
OCEANIA 0.9
Australia 0.5
Federated States of Micronesia 1.5
Fiji 1.0
French Polynesia 0.7
Guam 1.0
Kiribati 2.1
Marshall Islands 1.2
Nauru 2.1
New Caledonia 0.8
New Zealand 0.5
Palau 0.3
Papua New Guinea 1.9
Samoa 2.3
Solomon Islands 2.5
Tonga 1.6
Tuvalu 1.5
Vanuatu 2.4
Please select a country before applying filter
Geography Rate of Natural Increase (%)
WORLD 0.9
AFRICA 2.4
NORTHERN AFRICA 1.6
Algeria 1.7
Egypt 1.4
Libya 1.1
Morocco 1.2
Sudan 2.7
Tunisia 0.8
Western Sahara 1.1
WESTERN AFRICA 2.5
Benin 2.7
Burkina Faso 2.6
Cape Verde 0.9
Cote d'Ivoire 2.5
Gambia 2.6
Ghana 2.0
Guinea 2.4
Guinea-Bissau 2.2
Liberia 2.2
Mali 3.2
Mauritania 3.2
Niger 3.7
Nigeria 2.4
Senegal 2.7
Sierra Leone 2.3
Togo 2.4
EASTERN AFRICA 2.6
Burundi 2.7
Comoros 2.1
Djibouti 1.3
Eritrea 2.2
Ethiopia 2.6
Kenya 2.0
Madagascar 2.8
Malawi 2.6
Mauritius 0.0
Mayotte 3.1
Mozambique 2.8
Reunion 0.9
Rwanda 2.4
Seychelles 0.8
Somalia 3.2
South Sudan 1.8
Tanzania 3.0
Uganda 3.1
Zambia 2.7
Zimbabwe 2.1
MIDDLE AFRICA 3.1
Angola 3.1
Cameroon 2.6
Central African Republic 3.1
Chad 3.1
Congo 2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.2
Equatorial Guinea 2.1
Gabon 2.0
Sao Tome and Principe 2.2
SOUTHERN AFRICA 0.9
Botswana 1.4
eSwatini 1.3
Lesotho 1.2
Namibia 1.7
South Africa 0.8
NORTHERN AMERICA 0.1
Canada 0.2
United States 0.1
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 0.7
CENTRAL AMERICA 0.7
Belize 1.2
Costa Rica 0.4
El Salvador 0.7
Guatemala 1.5
Honduras 1.6
Mexico 0.5
Nicaragua 1.4
Panama 1.0
CARIBBEAN 0.5
Antigua and Barbuda 0.6
Bahamas 0.2
Barbados -0.1
Cuba -0.6
Curacao -0.2
Dominica 0.4
Dominican Republic 1.2
Grenada 0.8
Guadeloupe -0.3
Haiti 1.5
Jamaica 0.3
Martinique -0.4
Puerto Rico -0.4
St. Kitts-Nevis 0.2
Saint Lucia 0.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.3
Trinidad and Tobago 0.3
SOUTH AMERICA 0.6
Argentina 0.5
Bolivia 1.2
Brazil 0.6
Chile 0.5
Colombia 0.8
Ecuador 1.0
French Guiana 2.2
Guyana 1.0
Paraguay 1.3
Peru 0.6
Suriname 1.0
Uruguay -0.2
Venezuela 0.8
ASIA 0.8
WESTERN ASIA 1.3
Armenia 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.5
Bahrain 0.9
Cyprus 0.3
Georgia -0.4
Iraq 2.3
Israel 1.4
Jordan 1.2
Kuwait 0.9
Lebanon 0.7
Oman 1.6
Palestinian Territory 2.5
Qatar 0.9
Saudi Arabia 1.5
Syria 1.5
Turkey 0.6
United Arab Emirates 0.8
Yemen 2.3
CENTRAL ASIA 1.9
Kazakhstan 1.4
Kyrgyzstan 1.8
Tajikistan 2.2
Turkmenistan 1.5
Uzbekistan 2.1
SOUTH ASIA 1.4
Afghanistan 2.8
Bangladesh 1.2
Bhutan 1.0
India 1.4
Iran 0.7
Maldives 1.0
Nepal 1.3
Pakistan 2.0
Sri Lanka 0.6
SOUTHEAST ASIA 0.8
Brunei 1.0
Cambodia 1.5
Indonesia 0.7
Laos 1.4
Malaysia 0.9
Myanmar 0.7
Philippines 1.5
Singapore 0.3
Thailand 0.2
Timor-Leste 1.8
Vietnam 0.8
EAST ASIA 0.0
China 0.0
China, Hong Kong SAR -0.2
China, Macao SAR 0.4
Japan -0.5
Korea, North 0.4
Korea, South -0.1
Mongolia 1.5
Taiwan -0.1
EUROPE -0.3
NORTHERN EUROPE 0.0
Denmark 0.1
Estonia -0.4
Finland -0.1
Iceland 0.7
Ireland 0.5
Latvia -0.9
Lithuania -0.8
Norway 0.3
Sweden 0.2
United Kingdom 0.0
WESTERN EUROPE -0.1
Austria -0.1
Belgium 0.0
France 0.1
Germany -0.3
Liechtenstein 0.1
Luxembourg 0.3
Monaco 1.0
Netherlands 0.1
Switzerland 0.2
EASTERN EUROPE -0.6
Belarus -0.4
Bulgaria -1.3
Czechia -0.3
Hungary -0.6
Moldova -0.6
Poland -0.5
Romania -0.8
Russia -0.5
Slovakia -0.3
Ukraine -1.1
SOUTHERN EUROPE -0.4
Albania -0.1
Andorra 0.1
Bosnia-Herzegovina -0.7
Croatia -0.7
Greece -0.4
Italy -0.5
Kosovo 0.7
Malta 0.1
Montenegro -0.3
North Macedonia -0.5
Portugal -0.4
San Marino -0.3
Serbia -1.1
Slovenia -0.2
Spain -0.2
OCEANIA 0.9
Australia 0.5
Federated States of Micronesia 1.5
Fiji 1.0
French Polynesia 0.7
Guam 1.0
Kiribati 2.1
Marshall Islands 1.2
Nauru 2.1
New Caledonia 0.8
New Zealand 0.5
Palau 0.3
Papua New Guinea 1.9
Samoa 2.3
Solomon Islands 2.5
Tonga 1.6
Tuvalu 1.5
Vanuatu 2.4

Endnotes

Sources

2022 World Population Data Sheet

Updated

08/16/2022

2022 World Population Data

For more than 60 years, PRB’s World Population Data Sheet has been one of the most trusted sources for vital demographic data used by government leaders, policymakers, researchers, academics, and decisionmakers around the world. It offers the latest population, health, and environment indicators for more than 200 countries and territories, each carefully researched and vetted by PRB’s expert team of demographers and analysts.  This year features as special focus on the Demographic Impacts of COVID-19.