Analyzing the Building Blocks of Resilience: Findings From a Baseline Survey of the Tuungane Population, Health, and Environment Project in Western Tanzania

Population Reference Bureau (PRB), in collaboration with partners from the Tuungane Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) project, have produced a new research report for the Evidence Project. The report analyzes data from Tuungane’s baseline survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices among village residents regarding family planning (FP), conservation, and potential linkages.

PHE is a promising, integrated development approach for building resilience. PHE programs combine conservation and natural resource management efforts with more diverse livelihood opportunities as well as the provision of FP resources and education, alongside other health interventions like antenatal care, child immunizations, and HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention.

In recent years, the concept of resilience has gained increasing attention as a crucial component of efforts to promote economic growth and development. Meeting the demand for voluntary FP and helping people adapt to climate change should be central to resilience programs, but are often omitted.

This report builds on previous work by PRB under the Evidence Project and expands the evidence base for the impact of PHE programming on resilience, livelihoods, and adaptation to climate change. This analysis will inform future efforts that will look more deeply at the relationships between: FP and climate change adaptation, FP and resilience, and other potential pathways through which FP and other components of PHE projects contribute to building resilience and enhancing the ability to adapt to climate change.