Asia and Europe are home to some of the world’s oldest populations, those ages 65 and above. At the top is Japan at 28 percent, followed by Italy at 23 percent. Finland, Portugal, and Greece round out the top five at just under 22 percent.

Southern Europe, which includes such countries Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia and Spain, is the oldest region in the world with 21 percent of the population ages 65+.

Twelve percent of China’s population is age 65 or above. That share is 16 percent in the United States, 6 percent in India, and 3 percent in Nigeria.

The Top 50 Countries With the Largest Percentage of Older Adults

wdt_ID Rank Country % 65+ (of total population) # 65+ (in millions) # total population (in millions)
1 1 Japan 28.2 35.58 126.18
2 2 Italy 22.8 13.76 60.34
3 3 Finland 21.9 1.21 5.52
4 4 Portugal 21.8 2.24 10.27
5 5 Greece 21.8 2.33 10.70
6 6 Germany 21.4 17.78 83.10
7 7 Bulgaria 21.3 1.49 6.98
8 8 Croatia 20.4 0.83 4.05
9 9 France 20.3 13.16 64.83
10 10 Latvia 20.3 0.39 1.91

Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2019, https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/, and Toshiko Kaneda, Charlotte Greenbaum, and Kaitlyn Patierno, 2019 World Population Data
Sheet
(Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2019).



The Top 50 With the Largest Number of Older Adults

wdt_ID Rank Country # 65+ (in millions) % 65+ (of total population) # total population (in millions)
1 1 China 166.37 11.9 1398.03
2 2 India 84.90 6.1 1391.89
3 3 United States 52.76 16.0 329.15
4 4 Japan 35.58 28.2 126.18
5 5 Russian Federation 21.42 14.6 146.73
6 6 Brazil 17.79 8.5 209.33
7 7 Germany 17.78 21.4 83.10
8 8 Indonesia 15.16 5.6 268.42
9 9 Itlay 13.76 22.8 60.34
10 10 France 13.16 20.3 64.83

Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2019, https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/, and Toshiko Kaneda, Charlotte Greenbaum, and Kaitlyn Patierno, 2019 World Population Data
Sheet
(Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2019).


Which Countries Have the Largest Share of People Age 75+? Age 85+?

wdt_ID - Country % 65+* Age 65-74 Age 75-84 Age 85 and over 65+ Pop. (in Millions) Total (in Millions)
1 1 Japan 28.2 50 34 16 35.58 126.18
2 2 Italy 22.8 49 35 16 13.76 60.34
3 3 Finland 21.9 58 30 12 1.21 5.52
4 4 Portugal 21.8 51 35 14 2.24 10.27
5 5 Greece 21.8 48 35 17 2.33 10.70
6 6 Germany 21.4 47 39 14 17.78 83.10
8 7 Bulgaria 21.3 59 31 9 1.49 6.98
9 8 Croatia 20.4 54 34 12 0.83 4.05
10 9 France 20.3 54 29 17 13.16 64.83
11 10 Latvia 20.3 50 36 15 0.39 1.91

*Breakdown of 65+ population (totaling 100%) across three columns show the share of 65-74, 75-84, and 85+
Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2019, https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population/, and Toshiko Kaneda, Charlotte Greenbaum, and Kaitlyn Patierno, 2019 World Population Data
Sheet
(Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau, 2019).


 

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